The female dog can bear another litter within 8 months of the previous one. Dogs are polygamous in contrast to wolves that are generally monogamous. Therefore, dogs have no pair bonding and the protection of a single mate, but rather have multiple mates in a year. The consequence is that wolves put a lot of energy into producing a few pups in contrast to dogs that maximize the production of pups. This higher pup production rate enables dogs to maintain or even increase their population with a lower pup survival rate than wolves, and allows dogs a greater capacity than wolves to grow their population after a population crash or when entering a new habitat. It is proposed that these differences are an alternative breeding strategy, one adapted to a life of scavenging instead of hunting.[45]
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At Animal Aid we consider that training and socialisation are very important for all dogs. Having a dog with good manners makes owning a dog so much more enjoyable. Training is one of the basic pillars of responsible pet ownership and care. Dogs that have been given even the most elementary of obedience lessons make much better pets and companions for so many reasons.
Resource guarding is exhibited by many canines, and is one of the most commonly reported behaviour issues to canine professionals.[50] It is seen when a dog uses specific behaviour patterns so that they can control access to an item, and the patterns are flexible when people are around.[51] If a canine places value on some resource (i.e. food, toys, etc.) they may attempt to guard it from other animals as well as people, which leads to behavioural problems if not treated. The guarding can show in many different ways from rapid ingestion of food to using the body to shield items. It manifests as aggressive behaviour including, but not limited to, growling, barking, or snapping. Some dogs will also resource guard their owners and can become aggressive if the behaviour is allowed to continue. Owners must learn to interpret their dog's body language in order to try to judge the dog's reaction, as visual signals are used (i.e. changes in body posture, facial expression, etc.) to communicate feeling and response.[50] These behaviours are commonly seen in shelter animals, most likely due to insecurities caused by a poor environment. Resource guarding is a concern since it can lead to aggression, but research has found that aggression over guarding can be contained by teaching the dog to drop the item they are guarding.[51]
Owners of some of the most aggressive dogs that I have to treat at my clinic sometimes tell me that their dog never behaves badly at home. They then confess that they never try to get the dog to do anything that the animal does not want to do. So the dog has no boundaries at all: he can do exactly what he wants, when he wants. This teaches the dog to behave without any restrictions, so that when a boundary is imposed (e.g. at the vet clinic when I want to examine the animal), the dog reacts with aggression. It’s important the the dog learns house rules, and that owners are strict about enforcing these firmly.
Separation anxiety is one of the most commonly discussed dog behavior problems. Manifestations include vocalization, chewing, inappropriate urination and defecation, and other forms of destruction that occur when a dog is separated from his owner. Not all of these actions are the result of separation anxiety. Signs of true separation anxiety include:
Dog pups show unrestrained fighting with their siblings from 2 weeks of age, with injury avoided only due to their undeveloped jaw muscles. This fighting gives way to play-chasing with the development of running skills at 4–5 weeks. Wolf pups possess more-developed jaw muscles from 2 weeks of age, when they first show signs of play-fighting with their siblings. Serious fighting occurs during 4–6 weeks of age.[55] Compared to wolf and dog pups, golden jackal pups develop aggression at the age of 4–6 weeks when play-fighting frequently escalates into uninhibited biting intended to harm. This aggression ceases by 10–12 weeks when a hierarchy has formed.[56]
Obedience schools teach basic commands (e.g. sit, drop, stay), which enable you to manage your dog more easily. Better management means they can be easily controlled and become a part of the family and events more, instead of being uncontrollable, misbehaving and having to be left at home or shut away from the party by themselves. Some things as simple as your dog greeting someone politely, coming back when they are called or walking safely and controllably on a leash are basic desirable behaviours that obedience classes teach.
Jump up ^ Wilsson, E.; Sundgreen, P. E. (1997). "The use of a behaviour test for the selection of dogs for service and breeding, I: Method of testing and evaluating test results in the adult dog, demands on different kinds of service dogs, sex and breed differences". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 53 (4): 279–295. doi:10.1016/s0168-1591(96)01174-4.
Designed to give your dog the best possible start to their training, this course allows our trainers offers time to cover the foundations of dog training - from the basics right to your dog’s unique behavioural problems. For 18 days, your dog will stay and train with their dedicated educator, who is committed to helping your dog progress and overcome their individual challenges.
Like most world-changing ideas, various claims have been made on the origin of promotional products. However, consensus suggests that the first promo items came in the form of commemorative buttons distributed at the time of US President George Washington’s election in 1789. The success of this promotional campaign cemented the concept, and shortly afterward, more giveaway items began to appear all over the world including Australia.
Resource guarding is exhibited by many canines, and is one of the most commonly reported behaviour issues to canine professionals.[50] It is seen when a dog uses specific behaviour patterns so that they can control access to an item, and the patterns are flexible when people are around.[51] If a canine places value on some resource (i.e. food, toys, etc.) they may attempt to guard it from other animals as well as people, which leads to behavioural problems if not treated. The guarding can show in many different ways from rapid ingestion of food to using the body to shield items. It manifests as aggressive behaviour including, but not limited to, growling, barking, or snapping. Some dogs will also resource guard their owners and can become aggressive if the behaviour is allowed to continue. Owners must learn to interpret their dog's body language in order to try to judge the dog's reaction, as visual signals are used (i.e. changes in body posture, facial expression, etc.) to communicate feeling and response.[50] These behaviours are commonly seen in shelter animals, most likely due to insecurities caused by a poor environment. Resource guarding is a concern since it can lead to aggression, but research has found that aggression over guarding can be contained by teaching the dog to drop the item they are guarding.[51]
Some dogs start to tremble with fear if their owners even drive past their local vet clinic: this is a good example of the ability that dogs have to remember negative encounters. Vets now try to ensure that pets have a fear-free, pain-free experience when visiting clinics: the long memories of dogs means that they can be taught to remember positive experiences as well as negative.  Many types of bad behaviour stem from fear and anxiety (from separation anxiety to fear of fireworks to nervous aggression). If owners take care to avoid exposing their pets to strongly negative experiences, such bad behaviours are less likely to develop.
“Today’s dogs suffer from a lack of mental stimulation and quality time spent with “their” people. The resulting boredom and anxiety can lead to no end of physical and behavioral problems. Brain Training for Dogs is the solution! In a clear and concise manner, Adrienne Farricelli walks owners through a series of puzzles and exercises that will challenge and entertain dogs of all abilities.”

Rather than focusing on one single training philosophy or methodology, NDTF’s courses will introduce students to a wide range of training methods based on scientifically proven data and extensive research. The NDTF prides itself on providing a thorough and complete education, including canine communication and obedience training for dogs along with a balanced perspective on dog training techniques, equipment, ethical concerns, and canine welfare.
Dogs differ from wolves and most other large canid species as they generally do not regurgitate food for their young, nor the young of other dogs in the same territory.[78] However, this difference was not observed in all domestic dogs. Regurgitating of food by the females for the young, as well as care for the young by the males, has been observed in domestic dogs, dingos and in feral or semi-feral dogs. In one study of a group of free-ranging dogs, for the first 2 weeks immediately after parturition the lactating females were observed to be more aggressive to protect the pups. The male parents were in contact with the litters as ‘guard’ dogs for the first 6–8 weeks of the litters’ life. In absence of the mothers, they were observed to prevent the approach of strangers by vocalizations or even by physical attacks. Moreover, one male fed the litter by regurgitation showing the existence of paternal care in some free-roaming dogs[79]
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