A 2014 study published in the Journal of Veterinary Behaviour found that dogs trained using aversive techniques are far more likely to show signs of stress than those trained using positive methods. The research involved monitoring two dog training schools. One used corrections where dogs were trained using force, such as having their collar jerked. At the other school the dogs were rewarded when they performed the desired behaviour. The findings in the study suggest training methods based on positive reinforcement are less stressful and better for the dog’s welfare (Deldalle & Gaunt 2014).
Just like humans, dogs learn what is right and wrong or socially acceptable from their peers.  If your dog is deprived of this vital learning experience they could become 'dog aggressive' or become a target of 'dog aggression' because they doesn't understand what is play and what isn't, what is allowed and what's not.  They will often miss out on a lot of play as they are unable to read the subtle body language that dogs use to communicate and can become nervous around other dogs as they fail to understand them. 
Manufacturing and distribution demand for branded merchandise increased. With the wide availability of giveaway items, small companies could make their marketing efforts competitive with those of bigger firms, giving small to medium businesses a chance to compete with big corporate, and as prices and minimum order quantites on our products continue to go down this will only increase the possibilities associated with analog marketing.
In some cases, a breed's origin overlaps the boundaries of two or more countries; the dog is normally listed only in the country with which it is most commonly associated; for example, by its designated country according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Some dogs, such as the Löwchen, have an uncertain origin and are listed under several countries.
Training is also beneficial for your dogs' health as it provides mental stimulation for them and sets the order of dominance in their pack (you, your family and your dog). Dogs are a pack animal and need this order to be well establish to feel safe and secure.  It is also important that your dog understands that you are the top dog.  If your dog thinks that they are top dog this can lead to a lot of problems, particularly if you have children in your family. 
Domestic dogs appear to pay little attention to relative size, despite the large weight differences between the largest and smallest individuals; for example, size was not a predictor of the outcome of encounters between dogs meeting while being exercised by their owners nor was size correlated with neutered male dogs.[37] Therefore, many dogs do not appear to pay much attention to the actual fighting ability of their opponent, presumably allowing differences in motivation (how much the dog values the resource) and perceived motivation (what the behavior of the other dog signifies about the likelihood that it will escalate) to play a much greater role.[35]

The Border Collie is a herding dog bred in the area surrounding the England-Scotland border. This breed is ranked as the most intelligent dog of all dog breeds, according the University of British Columbia. Black and white in colour, these are working dogs and make great pets if you have a very large yard or farm for them to run around and get the exercise they need.
In the UK between 2005 and 2013, there were 17 fatal dog attacks. In 2007-08 there were 4,611 hospital admissions due to dog attacks, which increased to 5,221 in 2008-09. It has been estimated that more than 200,000 people a year are bitten by dogs in England, with the annual cost to the National Health Service of treating injuries about £3 million.[98] A report published in 2014 stated there were 6,743 hospital admissions specifically caused by dog bites, a 5.8% increase from the 6,372 admissions in the previous 12 months.[99]
A well-trained dog, under supervision, is safer to have around family and friends, and is at a lower risk to himself than an uncontrollable dog. However, remember at the end of the day animals will be animals, and animals are sometimes unpredictable. A dog that comes back when it is called, in the face of dangerous situations (e.g. where they could get hit by a car) has an obviously positive impact on its own welfare.
The old belief that dogs functioned in a rigid, hierarchical, pack-based social ladder has been shown to be false, but sadly many people still base their dog training on the principle of dominance. If a fearful dog growls or snaps, then trying to stop the behaviour by terrorising the animal with physical intimidation will only make the situation worse. To prevent bad behaviour from starting, and to cure dogs who have developed bad habits, it’s important to listen to behavioural scientists who are up to date with our current understanding of the canine brain. Trying to beat dogs into submission when they behave badly only makes things worse.
The proprietor of the training establishment must ensure that staff health is protected by the provision of appropriate work clothing, adequate hand washing facilities and tetanus immunisation. Information must be supplied on disease-causing organisms which can be transmitted to humans (zoonoses) and personal hygiene procedures must be such that transmission could not occur. A First Aid Kit must be available at all times at all training venues and at least one staff member, whether a trainer or not, must be qualified in First Aid, and available at all times at each training venue whilst training is being conducted.
The training establishment is to be clean and hygienic at all times. All pens must be cleaned out at least once per day ( twice daily if inspection shows it is required) by hosing or other appropriate means, after removing all uneaten food by hand before hosing, to ensure the pen is fresh and clean. Used litter and uneaten food must be placed in sealed plastic bags for disposal.
Dogs have an olfactory sense 40 times more sensitive than a human's and they commence their lives operating almost exclusively on smell and touch.[6]:247 The special scents that dogs use for communication are called pheromones. Different hormones are secreted when a dog is angry, fearful or confident, and some chemical signatures identify the sex and age of the dog, and if a female is in the estrus cycle, pregnant or recently given birth. Many of the pheromone chemicals can be found dissolved in a dog's urine, and sniffing where another dog has urinated gives the dog a great deal of information about that dog.[6]:250 Male dogs prefer to mark vertical surfaces and having the scent higher allows the air to carry it farther. The height of the marking tells other dogs about the size of the dog, as among canines size is an important factor in dominance.[6]:251
And what I discovered from the dog trainers was a real surprise. You see, it turns out Bloodhounds aren’t always the easy option so many of us are led to believe. What I hadn’t realized is that Bloodhounds have distinct behavior patterns and that if these aren’t acknowledged, taken into account and dealt with in the right way, a Bloodhound can quickly become a stubborn, destructive and hostile pet. I had been doing it all wrong – and I can’t tell you how guilty I felt.
As your dog becomes older socialisation is still a vital ingredient in a healthy dogs life.  This is because it provides both physical and mental stimulation. When dogs play together they are able to exercise far better than when they play with us, as they are far more agile than we are and able to expel a lot more energy in a shorter period of time. 

In-home behavioural consultations are offered in the following areas of Melbourne: Keilor, Keilor Downs, East Keilor and surrounds, Taylor Lakes, Sydenham, Essendon, Strathmore, Moonee Ponds, Sunbury, Gisborne, Melton, Sunshine, Airport West, Tullamarine, Sunbury, Caroline Springs, Derrimut, Geelong, Ocean Grove, Corio, Torquay and Bellarine area. Country areas serviced incude: Kyneton, Malmsbury, Woodend, Romsey, Toolern Vale.


The Poodle comes in a variety of sizes, with the standard poodle making it to Australia’s Top 10 most popular. An intelligent dog, poodles are very skilled and although now are more known to be show dogs, in their history they have been working dogs and have even been used in the circus displaying tricks. Poodles are well known for their elaborate fur sculpting when being shown.
Ongoing assesment is crucial to achieving results and, prior to arrival, you'll be asked to complete a questionnaire on your dog's current behaviours. During their stay at our Academy, your dog will then be assessed regularly, with results sent through to you so you can gauge their progress. For dog's enrolled in our Short Stay Training, we recommend enrolling in ongoing group obedience training and, for those committing to our Training For Life course, we are happy to offer complementary obedience classes for life.
Punishment is operationally defined as an event that lowers the probability of the behavior that it follows. It is not "punishment" in the common sense of the word,[40] and does not mean physical or psychological harm and most certainly does not mean abuse. Punishment simply involves the presentation of an undesired consequence (positive punishment) when the wrong behavior is performed, such as a snap of the leash, or the removal of a desired consequence (negative punishment) when the wrong behavior is performed, such as the trainer eating the cheese that would have been the reward.[41] A behavior that has previously been developed may cease if reinforcement stops; this is called extinction. A dog that paws its owner for attention will eventually stop if it no longer receives attention.[42]

Socialisation is a very important aspect of a dog’s life. Learning how to respond to other dogs, and what is acceptable and not acceptable in dog language is an essential life lesson they need to understand and know if they are to get along with other dogs. If your dog does not get out a great deal (with family and friends, or to events etc) this is still important. Your dog will encounter other dogs on everyday occasions such as walks, appointments at the veterinary clinic and if they go into a kennel or boarding.
Dogs bite for reasons that can be traced back to instinct and pack mentality. Puppies bite and nip on other dogs and people as a means for exploring their environment and learning their place in the pack. Owners must show their puppies that mouthing and biting are not acceptable by teaching bite inhibition. Beyond puppy behavior, the motivation to bite or snap typically comes from the following:
Some dogs start to tremble with fear if their owners even drive past their local vet clinic: this is a good example of the ability that dogs have to remember negative encounters. Vets now try to ensure that pets have a fear-free, pain-free experience when visiting clinics: the long memories of dogs means that they can be taught to remember positive experiences as well as negative.  Many types of bad behaviour stem from fear and anxiety (from separation anxiety to fear of fireworks to nervous aggression). If owners take care to avoid exposing their pets to strongly negative experiences, such bad behaviours are less likely to develop.

Dogs reach sexual maturity and can reproduce during their first year in contrast to a wolf at two years. The female dog can bear another litter within 8 months of the last one. The canid genus is influenced by the photoperiod and generally reproduces in the springtime.[38] Domestic dogs are not reliant on seasonality for reproduction in contrast to the wolf, coyote, Australian dingo and African basenji that may have only one, seasonal, estrus each year.[44] Feral dogs are influenced by the photoperiod with around half of the breeding females mating in the springtime, which is thought to indicate an ancestral reproductive trait not overcome by domestication,[38] as can be inferred from wolves[75] and Cape hunting dogs.[76]
Individualised training is used with dogs that have an urgent or unique training problem such as fear, hyperactivity, aggression (and other related problems), separation anxiety, biting, excessive barking, insecurity, destructive behaviors, walking difficulties, and inappropriate elimination.[80][81] This type of training would normally be undertaken where the problem naturally occurs rather than a class situation. Class training can be effective in encouraging socialization and play with a peer group. Classes are often offered at a more affordable rate and can cover both problem behaviors and teach new skills. Classes can range from puppy and beginner training to more advanced training and skill training such as performing tricks or therapy work.
Just as a growing child, your dog will want to chew on toys and other objects to relieve the pain of a new set of teeth coming in. If your dog is full grown, you may also come home to find your couch cushions or favorite pair of shoes ripped to shreds, but it is not because they enjoy the taste. Your dog could be exhibiting signs of separation anxiety or anxiety in general. See 5 steps to correct inappropriate dog chewing.
I just received my second bottle of Eye See Clearly and wanted to mention how well it keeps my Persian cats' eye stains to a minimum. I have 11 Persian cats, so I need all the help I can get with the tear staining. Also, your shipping is so fast, a day and a half to Pennsylvania, unbelievable. when I call Customer Service with a question, it gets answered the same day. Thanks for a great product and fantastic customer service.
Dog aggression problems are never ending part of my work. Why? Once again incorrect socialising, rearing and training. Do you want to be sociable with everyone you meet?  Don't expect your dog to to be either.  Being well behaved and non aggressive is a totally different thing to being sociable. I do not want to be everyone's friend however i do not want to go around attacking or yelling at people, nor should your dog.  Learn the right way to socialise and condition your dog to be well behaved and well mannered. 
“One of the main reasons I chose a Bloodhound was because we love hiking and I wanted an active and athletic dog. Unfortunately, KC decided that he wanted to do his own explorations and on a couple of occasions I was left looking for him for over 2 hours – I really thought we’d lost him. Thanks to your training tips and advice KC really listens to me now and always comes when he is called now. Thanks!”

When dogs are separated from humans, usually the owner, they often display behaviors which can be broken into the following four categories: exploratory behaviour, object play, destructive behaviour, and vocalization, and they are related to the canine's level of arousal.[47] These behaviours may manifest as destructiveness, fecal or urinary elimination, hypersalivation or vocalization among other things. Dogs from single-owner homes are approximately 2.5 times more likely to have separation anxiety compared to dogs from multiple-owner homes. Furthermore, sexually intact dogs are only one third as likely to have separation anxiety as neutered dogs. The sex of dogs and whether there is another pet in the home do not have an effect on separation anxiety.[48] It has been estimated that at least 14% of dogs examined at typical veterinary practices in the United States have shown signs of separation anxiety. Dogs that have been diagnosed with profound separation anxiety can be left alone for no more than minutes before they begin to panic and exhibit the behaviors associated with separation anxiety. Separation problems have been found to be linked to the dog's dependency on its owner, not because of disobedience.[47] In the absence of treatment, affected dogs are often relinquished to a humane society or shelter, abandoned, or euthanized.[49]

Under the right circumstances, most dogs can show aggression. The usual triggers include threats to their food and even just seeing other dogs and/or humans. It’s a common problem for dog owners, explains Julia Meyers-Manor, a canine expert at the University of Minnesota, who used to help train dogs at the Twin Cities Humane Society and wasn’t associated with the recent study.

“He understands every word”. “He knows when he has done wrong”. “He didn’t mean to bite”. Owners often make these statements in the belief that their dogs have a human-like ability to understand what’s going on around them. The truth is that dogs are dogs, and while they have a remarkable cognitive ability, they cannot understand the subtleties of human language, and they don’t live by a human moral code. If owners try to correct bad behaviour in dogs by treating them like mini humans, the problem will not be resolved.

Eye See Clearly acts as a lymphagogue (promotes the flow of lymph fluid between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye). The formulation is strictly homeopathic mother tinctures in a blend that was designed to relieve irritation. It appears to stop cataracts from getting worse after one or two bottles (two to four months). Most visually impaired animals get back some, if not most, of their vision. This formulation has also been used with much success for dogs and cats with tear staining and eye discharge. It can be used at regular intervals to clear this condition with no side effects. This formula has been used by hundreds of pet owners, with a very high degree of customer satisfaction. Please note: the formula is not designed to work for glaucoma.
Comparisons made within the wolf-like canids allow the identification of those behaviors that may have been inherited from common ancestry and those that may have been the result of domestication or other relatively recent environmental changes.[38] Studies of free-ranging African Basenjis and New Guinea Singing Dogs indicate that their behavioral and ecological traits were the result of environmental selection pressures or selective breeding choices and not the result of artificial selection imposed by humans.[54]

Simply put, we are Australia's most capable promotional products supplier. Our range of Lanyards, USB drives, banners and marquees will not disappoint even the most stringent of requirements. From our concept design service to our rapid production turnaround our team are 100% committed to ensuring you get the exact product you desire. We also custom produce metal products such as key chains, lapel pins and even medals for sporting awards and events. We control all of our product quality in house and we don't source or manufacture a product unless we can back it's quality. If metal isn't your thing try our range of umbrellas, or even pens and office stationery.


A social dog is a happy dog. At five months old, your dog needs to understand the fundamentals of etiquette at home and out in the community. That is why our group classes introduce your dogs to structured obedience and socialisation. In partnership with the Local Council, our behavioural specialists teach your dog community etiquette and safety over three weeks (one hour a week) in a fun and engaging way.
Dogs (and wolves) mark their territories with urine and their stools. The anal gland of canines give a particular signature to fecal deposits and identifies the marker as well as the place where the dung is left. Dogs are very particular about these landmarks, and engage in what is to humans a meaningless and complex ritual before defecating. Most dogs start with a careful bout of sniffing of a location, perhaps to erect an exact line or boundary between their territory and another dog's territory. This behavior may also involve a small degree of elevation, such as a rock or fallen branch, to aid scent dispersal. Scratching the ground after defecating is a visual sign pointing to the scent marking. The freshness of the scent gives visitors some idea of the current status of a piece of territory and if it is used frequently. Regions under dispute, or used by different animals at different times, may lead to marking battles with every scent marked-over by a new competitor.[6]:252–4
Whilst many of today’s consumers spend most of their online time socialising or working, it’s reassuring for them to know that their favourite promotional pen or coffee mug is close at hand. In the office, workers often use branded promotional merchandise such as personalised USB sticks to move important files from one place to another. On a long commute, a branded bag or case is a handy way to carry a smartphone, laptop, or tablet, and promotional power banks keep all those devices charged. The less tech-savvy among us still use engraved pens, personalised notebooks, and other corporate gifts to build brands and spread corporate goodwill without even realising it.
And what I discovered from the dog trainers was a real surprise. You see, it turns out Shiba Inus aren’t always the easy option so many of us are led to believe. What I hadn’t realized is that Shiba Inus have distinct behavior patterns and that if these aren’t acknowledged, taken into account and dealt with in the right way, a Shiba Inu can quickly become a stubborn, destructive and hostile pet. I had been doing it all wrong – and I can’t tell you how guilty I felt.
×