Like most world-changing ideas, various claims have been made on the origin of promotional products. However, consensus suggests that the first promo items came in the form of commemorative buttons distributed at the time of US President George Washington’s election in 1789. The success of this promotional campaign cemented the concept, and shortly afterward, more giveaway items began to appear all over the world including Australia.
Our methodology is based on the latest research and is refined continuously to effectively treat your dog’s underlying cause of undesirable behaviour and improve their - and your - quality of life. We have a range of dog training options, with on-site courses that last 7 and 18 days, and one-on-one lessons that can be conducted in your own home. For ongoing training, we offer Group Obedience Classes, and even have a 30 minute canine exercise class designed to condition and strengthen your dog. You can book any of our courses online, or why not call 1300 426 762 to discuss your unique requirements.
Dog training is the application of behavior analysis which uses the environmental events of antecedents and consequences to modify the behavior of a dog, either for it to assist in specific activities or undertake particular tasks, or for it to participate effectively in contemporary domestic life. While training dogs for specific roles dates back to Roman times at least, the training of dogs to be compatible household pets developed with suburbanization in the 1950s.
The male dog mounts the female and is able to achieve intromission with a non-erect penis, which contains a bone called the os penis. The dog's penis enlarges inside the vagina, thereby preventing its withdrawal; this is sometimes known as the “tie” or “copulatory lock”. The male dog rapidly thrust into the female for 1–2 minutes then dismounts with the erect penis still inside the vagina, and turns to stand rear-end to rear-end with the female dog for up to 30 to 40 minutes; the penis is twisted 180 degrees in a lateral plane. During this time, prostatic fluid is ejaculated.[44]
In the UK between 2005 and 2013, there were 17 fatal dog attacks. In 2007-08 there were 4,611 hospital admissions due to dog attacks, which increased to 5,221 in 2008-09. It has been estimated that more than 200,000 people a year are bitten by dogs in England, with the annual cost to the National Health Service of treating injuries about £3 million.[98] A report published in 2014 stated there were 6,743 hospital admissions specifically caused by dog bites, a 5.8% increase from the 6,372 admissions in the previous 12 months.[99]
“Hi there. I normally can’t be bothered to give feedback on books I read but in this case I felt I had to pass on credit where credit’s due... It was great to find a guide just about Bloodhounds and I really feel it’s made a huge difference to my relationship with Charlie. I'd say I can read his mind, know how he’s feeling and how to respond to his behavior. He’s turning into such a lovely dog and I can’t imagine life without him or your advice.”
Free and unlimited personal email advice : Check this out... The price you pay includes unlimited, ongoing free support and advice by email. That’s right, you heard! I don’t just send you the book and abandon you. Oh no. You can email me anytime with any query you have about your Shiba Inu’s health, training or behavior – as many times as you like - and I promise I’ll promptly get back to you. Let’s say you don’t quite understand something in the book, or the advice doesn’t seem to be working, simply drop me an email and I’ll do my very best to help you out. How’s that for service? And I tell you something, I don’t know of anyone else offering this level of customer satisfaction – anywhere!
Just like humans, dogs learn what is right and wrong or socially acceptable from their peers.  If your dog is deprived of this vital learning experience they could become 'dog aggressive' or become a target of 'dog aggression' because they doesn't understand what is play and what isn't, what is allowed and what's not.  They will often miss out on a lot of play as they are unable to read the subtle body language that dogs use to communicate and can become nervous around other dogs as they fail to understand them. 
All of the wild members of the genus Canis display complex coordinated parental behaviors. Wolf pups are cared primarily by their mother for the first 3 months of their life when she remains in the den with them while they rely on her milk for sustenance and her presence for protection. The father brings her food. Once they leave the den and can chew, the parents and pups from previous years regurgitate food for them. Wolf pups become independent by 5 to 8 months, although they often stay with their parents for years. In contrast, dog pups are cared for by the mother and rely on her for milk and protection but she gets no help from the father nor other dogs. Once pups are weaned around 10 weeks they are independent and receive no further maternal care.[45]
Dogs evolved from wolves and are therefore primed to defend what is theirs. They have an attachment to their home territory and the resources within it. Dogs have no way of knowing that the dogs and humans we invite around to our home, for example for a play-date, are ever going to leave. They can be forgiven for thinking that this is the way it is going to be from here on. So it is to be expected that they will often try to lay out the local ground-rules and put the new arrivals in their place.

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Whether you're looking for an awesome fitness partner or someone to cuddle up with on the couch, it's important to choose the right breed for your lifestyle. If you're struggling to make a decision, set aside a little time to do some homework. We've provided multiple articles filled with helpful information on breed characteristics, personality, living requirements and history. While each breed has a unique disposition, one is bound to be a perfect fit for you and your lifestyle.
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