Playing with humans can affect the cortisol levels of dogs. In one study, the cortisol responses of police dogs and border guard dogs was assessed after playing with their handlers. The cortisol concentrations of the police dogs increased, whereas the border guard dogs' hormone levels decreased. The researchers noted that during the play sessions, police officers were disciplining their dogs, whereas the border guards were truly playing with them, i.e. this included bonding and affectionate behaviours. They commented that several studies have shown that behaviours associated with control, authority or aggression increase cortisol, whereas play and affiliative behaviour decrease cortisol levels.[15]

The Pug is a fun loving, loyal and energetic dog. Distinguishable with their short muzzle face, they originate from China and were brought to Europe in the seventeenth century. Pugs are very popular in modern times and come in two colours of black and fawn and feature deep wrinkles on their face. With their good nature, they make great pets for families with children as they have a lot of personality for such a small dog.


In recent years, scientists have realised that the impact of testosterone on dog behaviour is more nuanced: in a poorly socialised, timid dog, there’s a possibility that testosterone may have the useful effect of increasing a dog’s confidence. So for a dog with fear-based aggression, neutering could even make things worse. The right answer to the question “castrate or not” depends on the details of the individual dog, so if in doubt, it’s best to discuss this with your vet.
Through tailored, intensive training, your dog will be conditioned over the course of their stay at Hanrob Dog Training Academy, but that's not the end of the story. At the end of their stay, we invite you - as your dog's most significant educator - to spend time with your dog and their trainer and take part in a thorough departure lesson. You'll be brought up to speed on what your dog has learned, and how you can ensure their positive behaviour outcomes continue and are reinforced in your home environment.
The early days of a dog’s life is some of the most integral in terms of their development. Because of this, we highly recommend owners invest the time and effort towards puppy training. Able to positively influence their overall well-being and help them adjust to becoming a part of their new family, these classes are designed to give both you and your new friend confidence and a special bond. Within these sessions, you’ll learn how to handle, train and shape the behaviour of your pup, as well as give them the chance to socialise with others. These elements are critical and will help to ensure your four-legged friend—and your family—has a smooth and happy life in the future.

Barking, biting, chewing and many other common dog behavior problems are often misunderstood or mishandled by dog owners. Perhaps you are new to dog ownership, considering getting a dog, or just wish to better manage your dog. Thoroughly understanding the most common dog behavior problems is the first step to solving and preventing them. A solid foundation of obedience training will help you prevent or better control of these issues.
Dog intelligence is the ability of the dog to perceive information and retain it as knowledge for applying to solve problems. Dogs have been shown to learn by inference. A study with Rico showed that he knew the labels of over 200 different items. He inferred the names of novel items by exclusion learning and correctly retrieved those novel items immediately and also 4 weeks after the initial exposure. Dogs have advanced memory skills. A study documented the learning and memory capabilities of a border collie, "Chaser", who had learned the names and could associate by verbal command over 1,000 words. Dogs are able to read and react appropriately to human body language such as gesturing and pointing, and to understand human voice commands. After undergoing training to solve a simple manipulation task, dogs that are faced with an insolvable version of the same problem look at the human, while socialized wolves do not. Dogs demonstrate a theory of mind by engaging in deception.[4][5]

In considering the natural behaviours of specific breeds of dogs, it is possible to train them to perform specialised, highly useful, tasks. For example, Labrador retrievers are the favoured breed for the detection of explosives. This is because of a combination of factors including their food drive which enables them to keep focused on a task despite noise and other distractions. Most working breeds of dogs are able to be trained to find people with their sense of smell (as opposed to their sense of sight). Cocker Spaniels are able to be trained as part of a termite detection team. Their relatively small size enables them to fit into small spaces, and their light weight allows them to walk on areas of ceiling which would be dangerous to anything heavier. In fact, although unusual, termite detection dogs are much more reliable at detecting termites than humans who rely on a basic system of tapping and listening. Because of their ability to learn signals by sight and for their energetic and athletic natures, German Shepherds are able to be trained for work alongside search and rescue teams and human apprehension teams.[79]
And what I discovered from the dog trainers was a real surprise. You see, it turns out Bloodhounds aren’t always the easy option so many of us are led to believe. What I hadn’t realized is that Bloodhounds have distinct behavior patterns and that if these aren’t acknowledged, taken into account and dealt with in the right way, a Bloodhound can quickly become a stubborn, destructive and hostile pet. I had been doing it all wrong – and I can’t tell you how guilty I felt.

Eye See Clearly acts as a lymphagogue (promotes the flow of lymph fluid between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye). The formulation is strictly homeopathic mother tinctures in a blend that was designed to relieve irritation. It appears to stop cataracts from getting worse after one or two bottles (two to four months). Most visually impaired animals get back some, if not most, of their vision. This formulation has also been used with much success for dogs and cats with tear staining and eye discharge. It can be used at regular intervals to clear this condition with no side effects. This formula has been used by hundreds of pet owners, with a very high degree of customer satisfaction. Please note: the formula is not designed to work for glaucoma.
From height and weight to exercise requirements, there are many physical characteristics and personality traits to consider when selecting a breed. If you want a large dog who is laid back and needs only 20 minutes of attention per day, then a Basset Hound or Leonberger could be a good match for you. Or if you prefer small dogs and want to boost your fitness level try a Jack Russell Terrier whose energy is very high and requires 40 minutes of exercise a day. Sift through our breed profiles to find a personality that matches yours.
More commonly than often thought, problem dogs can cause issues with home-life both within the family and the dog itself. In these cases, it’s important to seek professional help to resolve or prevent the issue from reoccurring. Carrying expertise as a professional dog trainer and expert in canine aggression, Basil Theofanides is well-versed in dealing with problems like aggressiveness; which, when left unattended, can be severely detrimental.  Command Dog Training can assess the situation and devise an approach to dealing with this behaviour.

Whether you're looking for an awesome fitness partner or someone to cuddle up with on the couch, it's important to choose the right breed for your lifestyle. If you're struggling to make a decision, set aside a little time to do some homework. We've provided multiple articles filled with helpful information on breed characteristics, personality, living requirements and history. While each breed has a unique disposition, one is bound to be a perfect fit for you and your lifestyle.
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