In some cases, a breed's origin overlaps the boundaries of two or more countries; the dog is normally listed only in the country with which it is most commonly associated; for example, by its designated country according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Some dogs, such as the Löwchen, have an uncertain origin and are listed under several countries.
We’ve been working with dogs and their families for over 25 years, perfecting a ‘whole picture’ approach to behavioural training called WhisperWise®. Our mission is to educate dog owners and dog handlers on the difference between behavioural responses and obedience, and to help them understand dog pack behaviours and dog psychology. Changing behaviour is about building a positive relationship, where everybody has a place, and everybody speaks the same language. Get that right and you’ll be on your way to achieving real harmony and happiness in your household. DogTech® behaviour training is available one-on-one or in groups.
Female dogs have an estrous cycle that is nonseasonal and monestrus, i.e. there is only one estrus per estrous cycle. The interval between one estrus and another is, on average, seven months, however, this may range between 4 and 12 months. This interestrous period is not influenced by the photoperiod or pregnancy. The average duration of estrus is 9 days with spontaneous ovulation usually about 3 days after the onset of estrus.[44]

Whether you're looking for an awesome fitness partner or someone to cuddle up with on the couch, it's important to choose the right breed for your lifestyle. If you're struggling to make a decision, set aside a little time to do some homework. We've provided multiple articles filled with helpful information on breed characteristics, personality, living requirements and history. While each breed has a unique disposition, one is bound to be a perfect fit for you and your lifestyle.
Research has shown that there are individual differences in the interactions between dogs and their human that have significant effects on dog behavior. In 1997, a study showed that the type of relationship between dog and master, characterized as either companionship or working relationship, significantly affected the dog's performance on a cognitive problem-solving task. They speculate that companion dogs have a more dependent relationship with their owners, and look to them to solve problems. In contrast, working dogs are more independent.[94]

I just received my second bottle of Eye See Clearly and wanted to mention how well it keeps my Persian cats' eye stains to a minimum. I have 11 Persian cats, so I need all the help I can get with the tear staining. Also, your shipping is so fast, a day and a half to Pennsylvania, unbelievable. when I call Customer Service with a question, it gets answered the same day. Thanks for a great product and fantastic customer service.
Despite claims in the popular press, studies could not find evidence of a single predation on cattle by feral dogs.[38][80][81] However, domestic dogs were responsible for the death of 3 calves over one 5-year study.[81] Other studies in Europe and North America indicate only limited success in the consumption of wild boar, deer and other ungulates, however it could not be determined if this was predation or scavenging on carcasses. Studies have observed feral dogs conducting brief, uncoordinated chases of small game with constant barking - a technique without success.[38]
I just wanted to say Thank you SO much for the Eye See Clearly! My 9 year old toy poodle was diagnosed with cataracts 3 months ago & my vet recommended a cataract doctor. I searched online for something that would not require an expensive surgery & I found your website. The Eye See Clearly has done wonders on her eyes!!! She used to walk into everything...day or night time & it was so sad, now she can see where she's going & she barks at the kids playing across the street again. She is so much happier & you can tell she feels stronger & more secure with herself again. Her cataracts have mostly cleared up except for one little spot on her left eye. I am so impressed by how well this has worked.
The Monks of New Skete, who were breeders and trainers of German Shepherds in Cambridge, New York, published How to Be Your Dog's Best Friend: A Training Manual for Dog Owners in 1978 and it became an immediate best seller. Despite advocating a philosophy that "understanding is the key to communication and compassion with your dog,"[29] they endorsed confrontational punishments which were later shown to elicit dangerously aggressive responses in many dogs.[30]
Whether you're looking for an awesome fitness partner or someone to cuddle up with on the couch, it's important to choose the right breed for your lifestyle. If you're struggling to make a decision, set aside a little time to do some homework. We've provided multiple articles filled with helpful information on breed characteristics, personality, living requirements and history. While each breed has a unique disposition, one is bound to be a perfect fit for you and your lifestyle.
Dog aggression problems are never ending part of my work. Why? Once again incorrect socialising, rearing and training. Do you want to be sociable with everyone you meet?  Don't expect your dog to to be either.  Being well behaved and non aggressive is a totally different thing to being sociable. I do not want to be everyone's friend however i do not want to go around attacking or yelling at people, nor should your dog.  Learn the right way to socialise and condition your dog to be well behaved and well mannered. 
Despite claims in the popular press, studies could not find evidence of a single predation on cattle by feral dogs.[38][80][81] However, domestic dogs were responsible for the death of 3 calves over one 5-year study.[81] Other studies in Europe and North America indicate only limited success in the consumption of wild boar, deer and other ungulates, however it could not be determined if this was predation or scavenging on carcasses. Studies have observed feral dogs conducting brief, uncoordinated chases of small game with constant barking - a technique without success.[38]
In 1935, the American Kennel Club began obedience trials, and in the following years popular magazines raised public awareness of the benefits of having a trained pet dog, and of the recreational possibilities of dog training as a hobby.[17] After WWII, the increasing complexities of suburban living demanded that for a pet dog's own protection and its owner's convenience, the dog should be obedient. William Koehler had served as principal trainer at the War Dog Training Center, in California, and after the war became chief trainer for the Orange Empire Dog Club—at the time, the largest dog club in the United States—instructor for a number of breed clubs, and a dog trainer for the Walt Disney Studios.[18] In 1962 Koehler published The Koehler Method of Dog Training, in which he is highly critical of what he calls "tid-bit training techniques" based in "the prattle of 'dog psychologists'".[17] Amongst the training innovations attributed to Koehler is the use of a long line in conjunction with a complete absence of oral communication as a way of instilling attentiveness prior to any leash training. Koehler insisted that participants in his training classes used "emphatic corrections", including leash jerks and throw chains, explaining that tentative, nagging corrections were cruel in that they caused emotional disturbance to the dog.[19] Vicki Hearne, a disciple of Koehler's, commented on the widespread criticism of his corrections, with the explanation that it was the emotionally loaded language used in the book that led to a number of court cases, and to the book being banned in Arizona for a time.[20] Despite the controversy, his basic method forms the core of many contemporary training systems.[21]
Jump up ^ Wilsson, E.; Sundgreen, P. E. (1997). "The use of a behaviour test for the selection of dogs for service and breeding, I: Method of testing and evaluating test results in the adult dog, demands on different kinds of service dogs, sex and breed differences". Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 53 (4): 279–295. doi:10.1016/s0168-1591(96)01174-4.
With on-site accommodation for your dog, we are uniquely positioned to provide intensive dog training courses that will quickly and effectively establish positive behaviours in your dog. Combined with a comprehensive departure lesson and ongoing group obedience training, our Stay and Train dog training courses are perfect for those looking to set a foundation in obedience. Choose from the seven day Short Stay Training Course and the 18-day Training For Life Course.

In the 1950s Blanche Saunders was a staunch advocate of pet-dog training, travelling throughout the U.S. to promote obedience classes.[15] In The Complete Book of Dog Obedience, she said, "Dogs learn by associating their act with a pleasing or displeasing result. They must be disciplined when they do wrong, but they must also be rewarded when they do right."[22] Negative reinforcement procedures played a key part in Saunders' method, primarily the jerking of the choke chain. The mantra taught to students was "Command! Jerk! Praise!" She felt that food should not be an ongoing reward, but that it was acceptable to use "a tidbit now and then to overcome a problem." Saunders perhaps began the shift away from military and police training methods, stressing repeatedly the importance of reinforcement for good behaviour in training—a move toward the positive training methods used today.[23]
In a new study in Frontiers in Psychology, MacLean and colleagues reveal that levels of the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin influence canine social behaviours and aggression. Service dogs, bred for their placid temperament, have significantly higher levels of oxytocin in their blood than the average pooch. Those dogs that were more aggressive towards other dogs, however, had more vasopressin. 
Since 1994, Hanrob Dog Training Academy has not only been training dogs and their owners, but also educating the next generation of dog trainers and assisting government bodies train working dogs such as Detector Dogs. Our expertise in dog training is unrivalled, and our team of expert educators split their time between working with families like yours and with larger organisations, both in Australia and overseas. From puppies who need early guidance through to dogs with established problem behaviours, our educators have seen it all, and can quickly achieve results that last.
Hi My dog is a mixture of German Shepherd and chow chow. She used to play very nicely with all the other dogs she met, but not anymore. Right at the moment she meets another dog she tries to sit on their head and hump them in the face. If the other dog doesn't wanna let her do that she starts to growl aggressively and gets very forceful. She never plays nicely with other dogs anymore. I'm also scared to pull her away when this happens because when I do that she gets even more agressive. She started to act strangely towards other dogs after our neighbor's dog attacked her about a year ago. What should I do?

Just as a growing child, your dog will want to chew on toys and other objects to relieve the pain of a new set of teeth coming in. If your dog is full grown, you may also come home to find your couch cushions or favorite pair of shoes ripped to shreds, but it is not because they enjoy the taste. Your dog could be exhibiting signs of separation anxiety or anxiety in general. See 5 steps to correct inappropriate dog chewing.


Whilst many of today’s consumers spend most of their online time socialising or working, it’s reassuring for them to know that their favourite promotional pen or coffee mug is close at hand. In the office, workers often use branded promotional merchandise such as personalised USB sticks to move important files from one place to another. On a long commute, a branded bag or case is a handy way to carry a smartphone, laptop, or tablet, and promotional power banks keep all those devices charged. The less tech-savvy among us still use engraved pens, personalised notebooks, and other corporate gifts to build brands and spread corporate goodwill without even realising it.
The critical period for socialization begins with walking and exploring the environment. Dog and wolf pups both develop the ability to see, hear and smell at 4 weeks of age. Dogs begin to explore the world around them at 4 weeks of age with these senses available to them, while wolves begin to explore at 2 weeks of age when they have the sense of smell but are functionally blind and deaf. The consequences of this is that more things are novel and frightening to wolf pups. The critical period for socialization closes with the avoidance of novelty, when the animal runs away from - rather than approaching and exploring - novel objects. For dogs this develops between 4 and 8 weeks of age. Wolves reach the end of the critical period after 6 weeks, after which it is not possible to socialize a wolf.[45]
In less severe cases, obedience lessons are often required to give owners the confidence of handling their dog in everyday circumstances. To do this, we offer both basic and advanced levels, allowing you to strengthen the bond between you and your friend, and also gain the much-needed respect to ensure consistent, positive results in the future. This kind of dog training is important to establishing a level of control from the outset.

Dominance is a descriptive term for the relationship between pairs of individuals. Among ethologists, dominance has been defined as ‘‘an attribute of the pattern of repeated, antagonistic interactions between two individuals, characterized by a consistent outcome in favor of the same dyad member and a default yielding response of its opponent rather than escalation. The status of the consistent winner is dominant and that of the loser subordinate.’’[34] Another definition is that a dominant animal has priority of access to resources.[34] Dominance is a relative attribute, not absolute; there is no reason to assume that a high-ranking individual in one group would also become high ranking if moved to another. Nor is there any good evidence that ‘‘dominance’’ is a lifelong character trait. Competitive behavior characterized by confident (e.g. growl, inhibited bite, stand over, stare at, chase, bark at) and submissive (e.g. crouch, avoid, displacement lick/yawn, run away) patterns exchanged.[35]
The 22214VIC Certificate III in Dog Behaviour and Training is Australia’s longest running and most comprehensive dog trainer certification program. The course is also a nationally recognised qualification under the Australian Qualifications Framework. The NDTF’s professional dog training courses combine theoretical canine behavioural education with an industry leading ‘hands on’ component. Each unit has its own specialist trainers, including some of whom are recognised as Australia’s leading experts in dog training and animal behaviour. Our dedicated and experienced team of instructors will work together to ensure that our graduates are truly the best in the business.

Anyway, My wife had 3 stuffed animals sitting on a bench long before we got the dogs. We had them for a while and the stuffed animals sat there. Well the reason I know the stuff works is after about a month of use , Jordan spotted the stuffed animals and wanted them. We were so thrilled that he saw them we let him have them even though the stuffed animals were in the family for a lot of years.


Punishment is operationally defined as an event that lowers the probability of the behavior that it follows. It is not "punishment" in the common sense of the word,[40] and does not mean physical or psychological harm and most certainly does not mean abuse. Punishment simply involves the presentation of an undesired consequence (positive punishment) when the wrong behavior is performed, such as a snap of the leash, or the removal of a desired consequence (negative punishment) when the wrong behavior is performed, such as the trainer eating the cheese that would have been the reward.[41] A behavior that has previously been developed may cease if reinforcement stops; this is called extinction. A dog that paws its owner for attention will eventually stop if it no longer receives attention.[42]
Be part of one of the worlds largest dog training companies and join one of the fastest growing industries in Australia. Bark Busters has business areas available within Australia. You have the opportunity to join the growing Bark Busters Dog trainers community as we expand our areas across Australia. Achieve the prestige and rewards that come from owning a business you will love. Find out more

We also have one of Australia’s largest ranges of branded clothing including polo shirts, sportswear and work wear. Our shirts, jackets, pants and uniforms can be tailor-made with your corporate logo and brand. As well as assisting with brand conformity, they are also a great way to encourage teamwork in the workplace. Give them to your staff to wear at events such as training days and exhibitions. You will ultimately gain better exposure by doing so. Promoting your business across Australia is thus very easy to do when you have us on your side! Simply check out our wide range of products procure a rapid quote from our team on your exact requirements. Our art department can even draw you a free virtual sample of the finished items so you exactly what you're paying for prior to production.


Training is also beneficial for your dogs' health as it provides mental stimulation for them and sets the order of dominance in their pack (you, your family and your dog). Dogs are a pack animal and need this order to be well establish to feel safe and secure.  It is also important that your dog understands that you are the top dog.  If your dog thinks that they are top dog this can lead to a lot of problems, particularly if you have children in your family. 

Dogs don’t learn to behave badly on their own: they are taught how to behave through interactions with their owners. So if you have a badly behaved dog, it’s very likely that you have inadvertently influenced your dog in a negative way. It’s impossible to objectively observe your own interactions with your pet, and that’s why it’s so useful to employ the services of a professional behaviourist. When somebody with training and experience watches you and your pet together, they are likely to identify key steps that you can take to improve the way that you influence your pet. Over time, this is the most likely way to resolve long term problems with bad behaviour.
Many people have an irrational and mistaken belief that dogs should somehow know “naturally” how to behave well. The truth is that “behaving well” is a human concept: dogs can’t be expected to know the difference between “good” and “bad” behaviour. They need to be trained to behave in the way that their owners want them to behave, and this takes time, patience and commitment. Typically, an owner needs to spend around fifteen minutes a day training their dog (not necessarily all at once: five minutes three times a day may even work better). This needs to happen day after day, week after week, month after month. It can be combined with daily activities such as walks, but it needs to be done. You cannot expect a dog to learn how to behave if you don’t teach them with regular lessons.
As a vet in practice, I meet hundreds of owners with their dogs every week; over the thirty years since I qualified, that’s a huge crowd of people and a massive pack of dogs. I have witnessed long standing clients having a series of animals: taking on puppies, rearing them through to old age and eventual death, then getting another dog and repeating the cycle. This continuity of care is one of the rewarding aspects of being a vet in a small community: you get to know several generations of people and animals.

Also, please note that because of volume, we are unable to respond to individual comments, although we do watch them in order to learn what issues and questions are most common so that we can produce content that fulfills your needs. You are welcome to share your own dog tips and behavior solutions among yourselves, however. Thank you for reading our articles and sharing your thoughts with the pack!


Unlike other domestic species which were primarily selected for production-related traits, dogs were initially selected for their behaviors.[57][58] In 2016, a study found that there were only 11 fixed genes that showed variation between wolves and dogs. These gene variations were unlikely to have been the result of natural evolution, and indicate selection on both morphology and behavior during dog domestication. These genes have been shown to affect the catecholamine synthesis pathway, with the majority of the genes affecting the fight-or-flight response[58][59] (i.e. selection for tameness), and emotional processing.[58] Dogs generally show reduced fear and aggression compared to wolves.[58][60] Some of these genes have been associated with aggression in some dog breeds, indicating their importance in both the initial domestication and then later in breed formation.[58]
Any advice provided is general only, has been prepared without taking in to account your objectives, financial situation or needs and may not be right for you. Consequently, before acting on this information, you should consider the appropriateness of this information having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. You should obtain and consider the Product Disclosure Statement (PDS) in deciding whether to acquire or continue to hold, Bow Wow Meow Pet Insurance.
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